A woman usually does not know she has uterine fibroids until she goes for your first routine prenatal visit. Most of the time, these tumors are harmless. They usually cause very few complications during their pregnancy. Some women who were diagnosed with uterine fibroids before they got pregnant worry that being pregnant will make them grow faster. According to research, eighty percent do not increase in size and if they do they will shrink back to the size there were before she had gotten pregnant. If uterine fibroid was going to grow at all it would be during the trimester. They are more likely to occur in a pregnant woman if she has had treatment for infertility or are older than thirty-five years of age.
Fibroids During Pregnancy-Common Complications
Some women do not have any complications while others may have one or more of these complications If you are experiencing any of these complications you should see your doctor as soon as possible to rule out any danger to your and your unborn baby.
Pain in their abdomen-many women who suffer from uterine fibroids have noticed an increase in abdominal pain when they got pregnant, which is caused by the hemorrhaging of blood into the tumor, and starving the tissues that surrounds it. This condition is technically called red degeneration of fibroids. This affects about ten percent of pregnant women. The abdominal pain usually happens when the uterine fibroid is over five centimeters in size or it happens in the last trimester. The symptoms are similar to acute appendicitis, which means there is fever, a general feeling of not feeling well and sudden pain. Other signs can include tenderness where the fibroid is located or constipation. The pain is usually nothing to worry about but you should report it to your physician. Your physician may prescribe bed rest for three or four days and safe pain relievers.
Pressure in the abdominal area-as the baby grows and space is restricted fibroids may cause the mother to have an uncomfortable pressure as the fibroids squeeze on organs that are nearby. If the nerves become compressed or restricted, you could have sharp pains in the lower back and legs.
Treatment During Pregnancy
Uterine fibroids are usually diagnosed using an ultrasound scan during your pregnancy. Generally your physician will opt to do nothing but monitor the fibroids to see if there is any growth during prenatal scans. Here are some other ways that they can be treated during your pregnancy.
Pain management-the pain caused by the fibroids is usually managed by bed white spots on face rest, taking a safe analgesic painkiller that is prescribed by your physician, and drinking plenty of fluids. Surgery-this treatment should be avoided if at all possible, especially during the first two trimesters. If it is deemed necessary by your physician a myomectomy can be done safely during that time.
Normally a physician will only consider it if the fibroid is growing rapidly, the fibroid is over five centimeters and is located in the lower part of your uterine, or the pain is intractable. This is a safe procedure but may cause you to have a necessary C-section delivery because of concerns about uterine ruptures.